The continuing conflicts in Syria and the deteriorating security situation in the north and central regions of Iraq have led to an increasing number of displaced persons across central, southern and northern governorates of Iraq. The Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KR-I) has absorbed more than 1.2 million Internally Displaced Person (IDP) scattered across areas that are already accommodating 242,000 Syrian refugees. Access to livelihoods remains a key challenge for displaced groups both in camp and non-camp settings.
It has been reported that the majority of displaced households across Baghdad camps and camps in the North do not have any family members in employment, leading to a high-level of dependency on inactive income and aid assistance. Outside of camps, the number of displaced households without employment has doubled since 2014. It has been reported that among displaced groups that are facing protracted displacement, there is a high rate of engagement in negative coping mechanisms by exhausting their resources to deal with limited livelihood opportunities, which exacerbate their vulnerability to deal with future shocks if adopted in the longer term. There is an urgent need for sustainable livelihood intervention for IDPs and refugees in protracted situations, one that addresses the need for long-term recovery and resilience.